Art & Antiquities
From among the ancient people who lived in the territory of today’s Mongolia, the Turkish tribes of the 6-8th centuries A.D. left the greatest number of sculptural monuments. The ancient Turkic and Mongol tribes thought themselves to be descendants of Maral-goa, the fallow doe, and left behind numerous stone depictions of this totemic animal of theirs. Apart from “deer stones”, many "hun chuluu" or stone men are found in the Altai and Khangai mountains, as well as densely inscribed stelae found at ancient burial sites are the important discoveries for the Oriental studies.
In the second half of the 16th century Buddhism started forcefully spreading in Mongolia, bringing along its art, which was to exert a strong influence on the development of indigenous art. Prominent figure of that time was Zanabazar(1635-1723), the direct descendant of Chinggis Khan, was the first great creative genius to succeed in raising mediaeval Mongolian religious art to universal aesthetic standards. Numerous museums and monasteries in Ulaanbaatar house the finest examples of Zanabazar’s art work including the Temple architecture, Tangka paintings and sculptured deities.